Initial vaccination must be done according to management and breeding programs on a specific farm. The following schedule can be changed to fit specific farm needs.

Animals that have not been immunised before

Time of administration Essential vaccines Dose and route
9 weeks before breeding season Bluetongue (ewes) 1 mℓ subcutaneously (ABC vaccines 3 weeks apart)
Just after the breeding season Bluetongue (rams) 1 mℓ subcutaneously (ABC vaccines 3 weeks apart)
At 6 months Bluetongue 1 mℓ subcutaneously (ABC vaccines 3 weeks apart)
4 – 6 weeks before breeding season Rift Valley fever (live vaccine) OR Clone 13 1 mℓ subcutaneously
4 – 6 weeks before breeding season Chlamysure (Chlamydia) 1 mℓ subcutaneously
2 – 4 weeks before the lambing season Blue udder (2nd inject) 2 mℓ subcutaneously
2 – 4 weeks before the lambing season Tetanus (2nd inject) 1 mℓ subcutaneously
2 – 4 weeks before the lambing season Lamb dysentery (2nd inject) 2 mℓ subcutaneously
2 – 4 weeks before the lambing season Escherichia coli 2 mℓ subcutaneously
From 2 weeks of age Heartwater blood (0 – 21 days of age) 3 mℓ intraveneously
Before weaning (4 – 5 months of age) Brucella Rev. 1 (rams) 2 mℓ subcutaneously
Before weaning (4 – 5 months of age) Enterotoxaemia (1st inject) 1 mℓ subcutaneously
At 6 months Enterotoxaemia (2nd Inject) 1 mℓ subcutaneously
At 6 months Rift Valley fever (live vaccine) OR Clone 13 1 mℓ subcutaneously

 

Yearly or six monthly booster injections can be given in an annual breeding program. The following table is a practical example and could be changed to fit local circumstances.

Sustained immunisation programme for adult sheep

Time of administration Essential vaccines Dose and route
Late winter – Early Spring (Aug – Sept) Bluetongue 1 mℓ subcutaneously (3 vaccines 3 weeks apart)
Late winter – Early Spring (Aug – Sept) Enterotoxaemia (pulpy kidney) 1 mℓ subcutaneously
Autumn (April – May) 4 – 6 weeks before stress and risk periods Anthrax 1 mℓ subcutaneously
4 – 6 weeks before the breeding season Chlamysure (Chlamydia) 1 mℓ subcutaneously
± 4 weeks before shearing Anthrax 1 mℓ subcutaneously

Source: Onderstepoort Biological Products